At Medivet we have invested in a wide range of different endoscopes each with a different purpose. The usual function of endoscopy is to enable us to make more accurate diagnoses with little or no surgical intervention. We feel this is very beneficial to our patients because it reduces discomfort. It also minimises the risk of complications arising, as can happen with more invasive techniques.
An endoscope is an instrument which is composed of a tube (rigid or flexible, depending on the purpose) containing many fine fibres which conduct light from a powerful light source down the tube to its tip. The light shines out of the tip so that if the tube is passed inside the body, the light illuminates the internal cavity the tube has been inserted into.
Another set of fibres carries the reflected images of the inside of the cavity back up the tube to a lens where the vet can see the images, either with the naked eye or projected onto a monitor.
In short, this instrument allows us to look inside the body without having to create large surgical openings. This makes it an excellent way to make visual diagnoses with little or no surgical invasion. Instruments can also be passed down the tube to take samples of tissue and fluids or even to carry out internal surgery (keyhole surgery).
There are many other types of endoscope specifically designed to look into different parts of the body.
Our patients are usually anaesthetised during endoscopy. This prevents them from experiencing any discomfort, and also keeps them relaxed and still.